El género Fouquieria: una revisión de aspectos etnobotánicos, fitoquímica y actividad biológica

The genus Fouquieria: description and review of ethnobotanical, phytochemical, and biotechnological aspects

Palabras clave: plantas medicinales, fitoquímica, actividad biológica, biotecnología


Las plantas del género Fouquieria se distribuyen en las zonas áridas de México y Estados Unidos de América. Siendo los estados de Durango, Zacatecas, Coahuila, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Baja California, Baja California Sur y Chihuahua donde éstas se distribuyen especialmente en México; y en Arizona, Nuevo México, Nevada, Colorado, y Utah en Estados Unidos de América. Tienen usos diversos ya sea como plantas de ornato, plantas medicinales o alimento. Las infrutescencias de este género son en forma de panícula, color rojo anaranjado de forma alargada y acampanada. Según la comunidad rural, los tallos, raíces y flores de estas especies se utilizaban en la medicina tradicional para tratar enfermedades cardiovasculares y trastornos del sistema urinario, entre otras. Hoy en día, las investigaciones demuestran que los extractos tienen entre algunas otras actividades, la antimicrobiana, antihelmíntica, e insecticida, cuyos efectos son atribuidos a metabolitos secundarios (fenoles, saponinas terpenoides, alcanos, etc.). En esta revisión se dan a conocer los usos etnobotánicos, características fitoquímicas, actividad biológica y estudios tecnológicos reportados del género Fouquieria.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v15i3.840


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Cómo citar
Nevárez Prado, L. O., Rocha Gutiérrez, B. A., Néder Suárez , D., Córdova Lozoya, M. T., Ayala Soto, J. G., Salazar Balderrama, M. I., Ruiz Anchondo, T. de J., & Hernandez Ochoa, L. R. (2021). El género Fouquieria: una revisión de aspectos etnobotánicos, fitoquímica y actividad biológica: The genus Fouquieria: description and review of ethnobotanical, phytochemical, and biotechnological aspects . TECNOCIENCIA Chihuahua, 15(3), e 840. https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v15i3.840