El papel de las hormonas en el estrés porcino

The role of hormones in the stress of pigs

Palabras clave: estrés, hormonas, cerdos

Resumen

El estrés en los animales productores de carne tiene repercusión en la calidad de la carne y los productos que se obtiene de éstos. En la industria cárnica el problema más común relacionado con el estrés es la carne de baja calidad por ser pálida, blanda y exudativa. En esta revisión se presenta una breve reseña de la metodología del estrés y su interacción con la fisiología y el comportamiento animal. Se describen las hormonas relacionadas con el estrés, cual es su origen y algunas las posibles técnicas de diagnóstico. Se enfatizan las hormonas relacionadas con el músculo y los principales efectos en la fisiología del animal. Se mencionan los cambios neuroendócrinos y cuáles son sus mecanismos. Se describen con detalle las hormonas glucocorticoideas, el cortisol, la serotonina, la dopamina y los ß-adrenérgicos, así como sus principales características y efectos en el organismo vivo.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v2i2.68

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Publicado
2018-11-14
Cómo citar
Alarcón-Rojo, A. D., Gamboa-Alvarado, J. G., & Janacua-Vidales, H. (2018). El papel de las hormonas en el estrés porcino: The role of hormones in the stress of pigs. TECNOCIENCIA Chihuahua, 2(2), 72-80. https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v2i2.68
Sección
El científico frente a la sociedad