Review of environmental organopollutants degradation by white- rot basidiomycete mushrooms

Revisión de degradación de contaminantes ambientales por basidiomicetos de la pudrición blanca

  • Loreto Robles-Hernández UACH. Facultad de Ciencias Agrotecnológicas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4097-5764
  • Ana Cecilia González-Franco UACH. Facultad de Ciencias Agrotecnológicas
  • Donald L. Crawford University of Idaho. Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
  • Wesley W. C. Chun University of Idaho. Department of Plant Soil and Entomological Sciences
Palabras clave: Bioremediation, environmental contaminants, lignin modifying enzymes

Resumen

White-rot fungi consist of a group of basidiomycetes that are able to remove lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose concurrently at approximately equal rates. These fungi produce three enzymes commonly known as lignin-modifying enzymes (LMEs) that are responsible for the degradation of wood components. These enzymes are produced during the secondary metabolism under an obligatory aerobic process and are induced by nutrient starvation, low pH, and high concentrations of Mn. We focused this review on the source of environmental organopollutants and the role that these white-rot fungi play on the transformation or mineralization of the environmental contaminants. These recalcitrant compounds originate mainly from human contamination. White-rot fungi or their enzymes showed mineralization of many environmental contaminants such as 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT), 2, 4, 6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT); polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB’s); polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s); wood preservatives; some synthetic dyes; and bleach-derived from paper producing plants.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v2i2.64

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Publicado
2018-11-14
Cómo citar
Robles-Hernández, L., González-Franco, A. C., Crawford, D. L., & C. Chun, W. W. (2018). Review of environmental organopollutants degradation by white- rot basidiomycete mushrooms: Revisión de degradación de contaminantes ambientales por basidiomicetos de la pudrición blanca. TECNOCIENCIA Chihuahua, 2(2), 32-40. https://doi.org/10.54167/tecnociencia.v2i2.64
Sección
Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable